What is HRM: “Human Resources management is the part of management function which is concern with people at work and with their relationship within an enterprise” – Institute of personnel & Development (formerly Institute of Personnel Management), U.K. HRM is the part of the organization that is concerned with the ‘people’ dimension. HRM deals with human relations of an organization starting from recruitment to management. It is a process of acquisition, development, motivation, and maintenance of human resources of an organization.
Human Resources management is a part of General Management that deals with the human aspect.
Many authors defines it is different manner. Some of them are quoted below:
Human Resources management:
“HRM is that part of management process which is concerned with human constituent of an organization”- E.F. L. Brech.
“Human Resources management refers to the administration of a firm’s human resources”-D. j. Cherrington
“The field of Human Resources management involves Planning , Organization, Directing and Controlling function of procuring, developing, maintaining and utilizing a labour force”-M.J. Jucious
“Human Resources management is the provision of leadership and direction of people in their working or employment relationship”- Dale Yoder
“Human Resources management is the effective use of Human Resources in and organization through the management of people related activities” – Mathis and Jackson
Every organization is comprised of people Acquiring their services, developing their skills, motivating them to high levels of performance, and ensuring that they continue to maintain their commitment to the organization are essential to achieving organization objectives. That is true regardless of the type of organization Government, business, education, health, recreation or social action. Getting and keeping good people is critical to the success of every organization.
Who is the Father of HRM: One such pioneer was “Robert Owen (1771- 1858), a Scottish Textile Manufacture.
Whey is call father of HRM: He wrote a book in 1813 entitled “A new view of Society” Leon C. Magginson, in his book entitled “Personnel”: A Behavioral Approach to Administration’ has called Robert Owen as the father of Human Resources management. He was in England.
Function of HRM: Human Resource function refers to those tasks and duties performed in both large and small organization to provide for and co-ordination human resources. Human Resource function is concerned with a variety of activities that significantly influence all areas of an organization and include followings:
2. Human Resource Development (HRD)
3. Industrial Relations
4. Employee Services
5. Occupational Health and Safety
6. Salary and Wages Administration
Human Resources management:
Employment: There are two steps involved in Employment
i) Recruitment: Recruitment is a process by which organizations locate and attract individuals to fill job vacancies.
ii) Selection: Selection is a process of management, decision making and evaluation.
Human Resource Development (HRD): This function previously known as Training & Development functions and in a large organization this section is generally headed by HRD. After selecting and recruiting individuals in the right position of the organization the next function is to train and develop them, so that they can become efficient employees and work toward the achievement of the organization goal.
Industrial Relations: Organization having strong trade unions have got Industrial Relations Section under the HR department and one IR Manager or Employee Relations Manager generally heads this section. This section also maintains close contact with the Director of Labour, Factory Inspector etc.
Employee Services: In large organization this section generally headed by Manager (Welfare)
This section of the HR department is responsible for observance of statutory requirements like Canteen, Shelter room etc.
Occupational Health and Safety: This section has got two wings – Health wings and Safety wings. Health wing is headed by a medical officer (full time or part time) and Safety wing is headed by the Safety Engineer.
Salary and Wages Administration: This section of the HR department is generally headed by Manager Wages. Job description & Job evaluation are also responsibility of this section & it maintains all kinds of records concerning wages of the employees.
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Reference by: Human Resources Management, by Adv. S.A. Huq